# A Class-Room Introduction to Logic

### Diploma- in -Reasoning Syllabus

Diploma- in -Reasoning

For the Session: 2009-2010

Paper-I: Principles of Logic

Unit- I  :

The Nature of Logic; the notion of form, validity and truth; the

nature of  implication.

Unit-2  :

Propositions : definition; its difference with  sentence ; constituents or components of proposition; classification of propositions: modern and Aristotelian four fold; distribution of terms; expressing propositions in their logical  forms ;diagrammatic representation of propositions.

Unit-3 :

Traditional square of opposition; immediate inferences; the categorical  syllogism, figures and moods; rules of syllogism; Venn diagram technique  for testing syllogisms; formal and informal fallacies; Relations and relational arguments;  properties of relations, what are relational arguments; validityof relational arguments.

Unit-4  :

Arguments in ordinary language; reducing the number of term in a  syllogistic argument, translating categorical proposition into standard form, enthymemes, sorites, disjunctive and  hypothetical syllogisms,the dilemma.

Unit-5 :

Truth-functional compound propositions; argument forms and truth- tables.

Books Recommended:

1. B. N. Kaul   : A Course in Deductive Logic, Sultan Chand & Sons, New Delhi

2. Cohen & Nagal  : Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method, Macmillan

Publishing Company, London.

3. Copi, Cohen, Jetli  &  Prabhakar: Introduction to Logic, Pearson

Education.

4. Chhanda Chakraborti : Logic: Informal, Symbolic & Inductive, Prentice

Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.2007.

5. Krishana Jain : A Text Book of Logic, Ajanta Books International, New

Delhi.

Paper-II: Applied Reasoning

Unit- I  :

Deriving inferences: Practical guidance for solving various  types of exercises on immediate & mediate arguments.

Unit-2  :

Determining similarity of Logic in the arguments; Forcefulness of  the Arguments. Discovering implied meaning of propositions; Testing of  correct deduction based on give information.

Unit-3 :

Recognizing the sufficiency/insufficiency of date for a conclusion, Logical diagrams.

Unit-4  :  Analytical Reasoning: Verbal and Non-Verbal.

Unit-5  :  Coding-Decoding.

Books Recommended:-

1.  Ravi Chopra   :   Reasoning N’ Reasoning, Galgotia Publications Pvt. Ltd.,5

2.  Edgor Thorpe  :  A Course in Mental Ability and Quantitative Aptitude,

Tata McGraw Hill Company, 4/12 Asaf-Ali Road, New

Delhi-110002

3.  K.K. Sharma   :   Verbal Reasoning for Competitions, Krishna prakahan

Media (P)  Ltd, Meerut (U.P.).

4.  R.S. Aggarwal :  A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning,

S. Chand  & Company Ltd., Ram Nagar, New Delhi.

5.  Sanjay Sinha   :  Test of Reasoning (Verbal & Non-Verbal), Jawahar

Publishers, New  Delhi.

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